Monkwearmouth Hearth tax returns

by Ken Coleman

A hearth tax was levied in England and Wales from 1662 to 1689. It was a tax of two shillings each year on each fireplace, hearth or stove. Some people, such as paupers, were exempt from paying the tax. The law also exempted householders for whom the local incumbent or parish officers provided a certificate that their houses were worth less than a rent of twenty shillings (one pound) per year and who owned goods or chattels worth less than ten pounds. Most charitable institutions, such as hospitals and almshouses, were also exempt as were industrial hearths (except smiths’ forges and bakers’ ovens).

Each year’s tax was payable in two equal instalments, on Lady Day (25 March) and Michaelmas (29 September). Tax was payable by the occupier of a property or, if a building was empty, by the owner. After May 1664 landlords had to pay the tax for tenanted property if the occupier was exempt. Furthermore, anyone with more than two hearths became liable to pay the tax even if they otherwise have been exempt. The tax was unpopular and widespread evasion resulted in many names being omitted from the records. Although paupers and some other people were not chargeable, the law required them to be listed from 1663.

The hearth tax assessments are arranged by county, then by hundred and (within each hundred) by parish.

Originals of hearth tax returns for Monkwearmouth and environs are to be found within Chester Ward East.  Commencing in 1663, there are various enrolled returns and schedules through to 1674. Many of the entries are illegible. However, those for 1666 and 1674 have been indexed alphabetically and are set out below:

 

Hearth Tax Returns – 1666 (Lady Day Assessment)

 

Hearth owner

No. of hearths

 

Monkwearmouth:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Bell, Cuth.

1

Gowland, Christ.

3

Smur….., John

3

Atkison, Tho.

1

Boyd, Stephen

2

Hall, Francis

4

Smurfield, Robt.

2

Byant, Robert

3

Brown, Geo.

1

Harrison, John

3

Talion, Stephen

2

Gray, Geo.

7

Brown, Rich.

3

Hodgson, Geo.

4

Thompson, Will.

5

Read, Eliza.

1

Chapman, Rich.

1

Hudmand, Will.

4

Watson, James

2

R..oxby, Geo.

1

Colley, Will.

2

King, Thos.

2

Whitehead, Matt.

2

Waiks, Geo.

2

Collion, Thos.

3

Ogle, Eliza.

3

 

 

Waiks, Thos.

2

Crisks (?), Arthur

1

Run..ford, John

3

Suddick:

 

 

 

Crisks (?), Isabel

1

Shepherdson, Ralph

3

Atkison, Ralph

2

 

 

Dinlay, Christ.

2

Shepherdson, Will.

4

Atkison, Ralph

2

 

 

 

Hearth Tax Returns – 1666 (Non-solvents)

 

Monkwearmouth:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Addyson, M

1

Dupoort, …….

1

Shotton, Wm.

1

L….ord, ….

1

Bambrough, Wm.

2

Dyson, John

1

Snowdon, Wm.

1

Morris, Tho.

1

Bell, Ellinor

1

Ellis, Eliz.

1

Taylor, Mary

1

Page, Hen.

1

Bell, William

1

Fi…, Tho.

1

Thompson, Robt.

1

Page, Wm.

1

(B)..k(?)eston, …an

1

Foster, Eliz.

2

Thompson, William

1

Ro…., Hen.

1

Bland. Willm.

1

Gowland, Ellinor

1

Tinmouth, Geo.

1

R…bie, ….

1

Boyd, John

1

Harryson, A….

1

Tinmouth, John

1

Snale, Rich.

1

Brown, John

1

Harygad (?), Nich.

1

Todd, Rich.

1

Turpin, Ann

1

Brown, John

1

Johnson, John

1

(U)..sha, John

1

(2 faint entries)

 

Brown, William

1

King, Thos.

2

 

 

 

 

Burns, Wm.

2

Lilburne(e), Geo.

1

Suddick:

 

 

 

Chapman, R…

2

Meburn, Robt.

2

Almond, Eliz.

1

 

 

Craggs, Geo.

1

Potts, Ann

1

Bainbridge, Marg (?)

1

 

 

Crisks (?), Arthur (?)

1

R(e)ay, Fr….

1

Bell, Rich.

1

 

 

Crisks (?), Isabel

2

Rea(y), John

1

Corke, Willm.

1

 

 

Doboson, Tho.

1

Sadler, Ben.

2

Lombard, Jane

1

 

 

Duglass, A….

1

Shepherd, Wm.

1

Lowe, ……

2

 

 

 

Hearth Tax Returns – 1674 (Lady Day Assessment)

 

Monkwearmouth:

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balmbrough, Wm.

1

Shepherdson, Ra., Mr

3

Taylor, Anth.

1

Hilton, Jo., Esq

9

Bell, Cuth.

1

Shepherdson, Willm., Mr

4

Taylor, Jo.

1

Hilton, Wm.

2

Bell, Wm.

1

Scurfield (?), Wm.

2

Wake, Rich.

2

Hunter, Tho.

1

Bevan, Rich.

2

Taylor, Ralph

2

Wake, Tho.

2

Meggison, Clemt.

1

Brankston, …….

?

Thompson, Wm.

1

Young, John

3

Page, Jo.

2

Brown, Jo.

1

Thompson, Wm.

3

 

 

Pemberton, Jo., Mr

2

Clarke, Jo.

4

Thompson, Wm.

2

Hilton:

 

Simey, Jo.

1

Coal (?), Wm.

2

Whitehead, Math.

2

Bell, Jo.

2

Smith, Jo.

1

Collions, Tho.

2

……..fod, Tho.

2

Bell, …..

1

Sparrow, Jo.

1

Craggs, Jo.

2

 

 

Bew……., ……

1

Sparrow, Tho.

1

(F?otherly, …..)

1

Fulwell & Suddick:

 

Billington, Ra.

2

Stiroggs (?), Geo.

2

Gill, ….

2

Allinson, Geo.

2

Bowman, Tho.

1

S..lby, Rich.

1

Gowling, …..

2

Allinson, Ra.

2

Brough, Jo.

2

Walton, Jo.

1

Halliman, …… Mr

2

Allinson, Tho.

2

Carnaby, Jo.

1

Wilson, …..

1

Hardcastle (?), Rich.

5

Gray, Geo., Mr

6

Cumin, ……

1

Wood, Jo.

1

Harrison, Jo.

4

Lumley, Ralph

2

Eady (?), Jo.

1

 

 

Hodshon, Geo.

3

Martin, Rich.

2

Garnot (?), Rob.

2

 

 

Kirkham, Rob.

2

Mathew, Hen.

2

Gibson, Jo.

1

Misc:

 

Lumford, Jo.

4

Mills, Wm.

1

Gibson, Rob.

1

…….ell, Rob.

2

Maxwell, Jo.

3

Page, Wm.

1

Hilton, Geo.

2

………, Jo.

2

Page, Hen.

1

Reed, Wm.

1

Hilton, Geo.

1

..…….., …..

1